Created by: Bree Gregory, Emily Krinsky, Dana Newman, Jess Rubinstein

It can be stated that all types of writing have specific characteristics that define them from other styles of writing, and that these traits are developed in part by the audiences to which the writing is meant to address. All writing aims to communicate ideas to its respective audiences, and this, when done successfully, creates a reality for the audiences. Four central types of writing are business, journalistic, legal, and scientific, and all of which serve to create a certain reality for their readers.

Business ("Welcome to Business")
Journalism (Sanchez)

Legal (“BYU Prelaw Advisement”)
Scientific ("Medical Scientists")

Every writing style, including that of business, journalism, law, and science, has certain characteristics that define it from all other styles, and other characteristics that are shared between styles. Amongst these similarities and differences are aspects that hold true for all writing types. For example, each individual style aims to connect to its readers in unique ways. Business writing appeals to its different audiences through different formats, such as chronological and spatial formats, and through the use of graphic aids. Journalistic writing connects to its readers through entertaining them, providing information, and giving them practical guidance. Comparatively, legal writing appeals to readers through its functionality, providing of information, and persuasion. The scientific style does this through its social, political, educational and cultural connections made to readers. Thus, each style connects to its readers in varying ways from other styles. Some characteristics are found between styles, such as how legal writing and scientific writing is generally more formal works of writing than journalistic and business (when appealing to customers) may be less formal. It can be stated that the purpose of writing is to connect to one’s readers, and although each style does this in a different manner, writers can only make a connection by making their works clear, accurate, and comprehensible. Therefore, amongst the individual differences between styles, certain characteristics are found within them all as all writers aim to connect to their audiences.

Works of writing are considered strong when they are able to successfully connect to their audiences by getting their points across in the clearest and most appropriate manners. As aforementioned, some characteristics are unique to a style, whereas others are shared among a few styles or even all of them. In particular, business writing is strong in that it is clear, organized, and diverse. The strengths of journalistic writing are different in that this style of writing can have many forms, it can be enjoyed by a greater variety of audiences, and it can have an incredibly influential effect on communities. Legal writing’s strengths also differ from the aforementioned types of writing as it is directed towards lawyers and those not in the legal profession alike, it is brief and concise, and because it incorporates fact over fiction. Lastly, scientific writing is strong in its precision, clarity and veracity. Although business, journalistic, legal and scientific writing styles each have differing strengths, there are some strengths found between styles. For example, business and legal writing is formidable in its organization, and journalistic and scientific writing are strong in accurately presenting knowledge of the world to their readers. All effective writing styles must be strong in the clarity of their purposes, as well as in the ability to relate to their readers, which is accomplished through the individual strengths of each type of writing. Thus, although each writing type has differing strengths from other types, certain characteristics can be found between styles and among all styles as well.

Business, journalistic, legal and scientific writing also lack in certain areas. Upon analyzing each style, one finds that business writing often lacks interpretation and opinion, as well as counterpoints and creativity. In comparison, journalism does not have a rigid structure or reliability with respect to truth, while legal and scientific writing lacks the creativity and opinion that journalism may have. Writing is a form of expression and creating connections that lacks the use of images, gestures and the voice. All writing has weaknesses and does not have certain characteristics that other types of writing have. Writers must choose the most appropriate means of connecting to their readers, which may involve the absence of some characteristics of writing found in other styles.

Business, journalistic, legal and scientific writing styles are drastically different, however overlapping intentions can be found between styles as through their characteristics, strengths and through what each lacks. In part by the distinct features of each individual writing style, a certain reality is created for the reader that influences his or her perspective of the world.

Works Cited

"BYU Prelaw Advisement.” Photo. ccc.byu.edu/prelaw/ February 2009. 5 December 2009. <http://ccc.byu.edu/prelaw/>.

“Medical Scientists.” Photo. allhealthcare.monster.com/careers/articles/2630?page=6 2009. 5 December 2009. http://allhealthcare.monster.com/careers/articles/2630?page=6.

Sanchez, Danny. “Instamatically download, combine newspaper front page PDFs.” Photo. journalistopia.com/2008/04/19/instamatically-download-combine- newspaper-front-page-pdfs/ 19 April 2008. 5 December 2009. <http://www.journalistopia.com/2008/04/19/instamatically-download-combine-newspaper-front-page-pdfs/>

“Welcome to Business.” Photo. learn.south-thames.ac.uk/course/category.php?id=4 2009. 5 December 2009. <http://learn.souththames.ac.uk/course/category.php?id=4>.